Journal of Medical Academics

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Prevalence Study of Ocular Morbidity among Primary School Children in Delhi Area

Sridhara Reddy, Gurunadh Satyanarayana Velamakanni, Shailesh Mogra

Keywords : Refractive error, School children, Squint,Ocular morbidity

Citation Information : Reddy S, Velamakanni GS, Mogra S. Prevalence Study of Ocular Morbidity among Primary School Children in Delhi Area. Journal of Medical Academics 2020; 3 (2):43-45.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10070-0048

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 08-03-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: To estimate the prevalence of ocular morbidity among primary school children in Delhi area. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The study was conducted among primary school children of age group 5–12 years in Delhi area. A total of 1,100 school-going children were evaluated. After questionnaire administration, visual acuity, examination of anterior and posterior segment structures of the eyes of the children were carried out. For the statistical analysis, children were divided into three groups: group I (5–7 years), group II (8–10 years), and group III (<12 years) based on age. Results: A total of 1,100 school children (625 boys and 475 girls) participated in the study. A total of 282 (25.6%) children had visual impairment and 315 (28.6%) children had ocular morbidities. The common ocular morbidities identified were refractive error 25.6%, color vision defective 0.9%, convergence defect 1.8%, and squint 0.2%. The older age group (8–10 years) had a higher prevalence of refractive error, especially myopia, compared to the younger age group (5–7 years) and group (<12 years) (p < 0.001). Conclusion: A high prevalence of ocular morbidity among school children of age group 8–10 years was observed. Refractive errors were the most common ocular disorders. This study emphasized that a simple school visual screening program is effective for the early detection of ocular problems.


PDF Share
  1. Magnitude, temporal trends, and projections of the global prevalence of blindness and distance and near vision impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health 2017;5(9):e888-e897. DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30293-0.
  2. Comparison of preschool vision screening tests as administered by licensed eye care professionals in the vision in preschoolers study. Ophthalmology 2004;111(4):637-650. DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2004.01.022.
  3. Ocular morbidity prevalence among school children in Shimla, Himachal, North India. Indian J Ophthalmol 2009;57(2):133-138. DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.45503.
  4. Major review: The underutilization of vision screening (for amblyopia, optical anomalies and strabismus) among preschool age children. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q 2003;18:217-232.
  5. Training module. Danish Assistance to the National Programme for Control of Blindness. New Delhi, India: 1.
  6. Refractive error in children in a rural population in India. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2002;43: 615-622.
  7. Ocular morbidity amongst primary school children in Delhi. Health Popul Perspect Issues 2007;30: 222-229.
  8. Global magnitude of visual impairment caused by uncorrected refractive errors in 2004. Bull World Health Organ 2008;86(1):63-70. DOI: 10.2471/BLT.07.041210.
  9. Case finding in the clinic: refractive errors. Community Eye Health 2002;15:39-40.
  10. Pattern and distribution of ocular morbidity in primary school children of rural Delhi. Asia Pac J Public Health 1999;11(1):30-33. DOI: 10.1177/101053959901100107.
  11. Ocular morbidity among children studying in private schools of Kathmandu valley: a prospective cross sectional study. Nepal Med Coll J 2006;8:43-46.
  12. A study on refractive errors among school children in Kolkata. J Indian Med Assoc 2007;105:169-172.
  13. School eye health appraisal. Indian J Ophthalmol 1989;37:173-175.
  14. Prevalence of eye diseases in primary school children in a rural area of Tanzania. Br J Ophthalmol 2000;84(11):1291-1297. DOI: 10.1136/bjo.84.11.1291.
  15. Prevalence of correctable visual impairment in primary school children in Qassim Province, Saudi Arabia. J Optom 2014;7(3):168-176. DOI: 10.1016/j.optom.2014.02.001.
  16. Prevalence of uncorrected refractive error and other eye problems among urban and rural school children. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2009;16(2): 69-74. DOI: 10.4103/0974-9233.53864.
  17. Pattern of paediatric ocular problems in North India. Indian J Ophthalmol 1989;37(4):171-172.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.